Lipsky's and Lyapidevsky's

My maternal grandfather and grandmother are Vladimir Aleksandrovich (VA) Lipsky and Sophia Sergeevna (SS) Lipsky, maiden name Lyapidevskaya.

Many photos are available at at the end of chapters of my notes. Chapter 1 is devoted to Lipsky's and Lyapidevsky's. The home page is the front picture of the VA and SS family, made in the fortieth anniversary of the VA.

The structure of Russian names, unlike the English-speaking regulated: the freedom of choice of parents is only in respect of the first name; it was usually chosen or in honor of a revered saint either in memory of important ancestors. The second name - patronymic - formed from the father's name by adding the suffix, so all children of one father have one and the same second name taking into account gender.

One of the great Russian saints, Sergei of Radonezh (1314-1392). He is considered as the greatest devotee of the Russian land, helped unite the principalities, inspired Prince Dmitry Donskoy with hope in the victory over the Tatar khan Mamai on Kulikovo field. Therefore in our family so much the name of Sergei, as well as repeated names and complete namesakes.

Lipsky's traced back to the middle of XVIII century, according to notes by Alexander Fedorovich Lipsky.

The founder of the names is Zaporizhzhya Cossack Kuzma Lipa (1750 - 1825).

He held a prominent place in Zaporizhzhya army - a millenary (on modern scale - a colonel). Like all the Cossacks in his younger years he was dashing and was not on the side of the angels in the Zaporozhye Sech - habitat of Cossacks, the fortified town, located on an inaccessible rocky island Khortytsya in the lower reaches of the Dnieper, near the modern city of Zaporozhye. The Cossacks were a free people, came from the fugitive peasants and robbers, but to be at odds with the central government, bravely defended Russia from Tatar raids and Polovtsy from the south and southeast of the Crimea and the steppes, and from the Poles, who had attacked Russia from west. Due to the Cossacks Tatars and Polovcians could not capture Russians living in the southern areas, and steal thousands of them into slavery. The enemies of Russia - Turkish sultans and the Polish gentry tried to entice the Cossacks on their side, but without success.

Known historical event, when the Sultan sent a letter to the Cossacks of his patronage, and the Cossacks have written quite vituperative response, but no one dared to deliver it to the Sultan. The picture of this episode, I put in this letter to fancy easy who Kuzma Lipa was in fact.

Estate Kuzma Lipa was north of Chernigov in the modern border between Ukraine and Belarus at the bank of the river Lipa.

At the end of military adventures Kuzma Lipa was ordained an Orthodox priest and at the ordination to a sacred office has received the last name Lipsky.

Catherine the Great in those days formed the nobility to his dominion of the Ukraine, Kuzma was invited to join the book of the noble families, but he refused because of laziness, saying that he did not need, and children, if they would let them earn their title. Kuzma' grandson - Alexander Fyodorovich Lipsky rose to the rank of General - a civilian State Councilor and became a hereditary nobleman.

Kuzma Lipa had five sons - Fyodor (1790 - 1852), Josip, Elisha, John and Anton. All of them were clergymen and lived in small villages on the border of modern Russia and Ukraine. Josip, Elisha, Ivan had no children.

The eldest son Fyodor Kuzmich Lipsky married a local beauty of noble family Elizabeth Josephovna Krelevetskoy, they have four sons - Basil, Ivan, Alexander and Dmitry, and a daughter Tatiana. Ivan had no children, Dmitry died in twelve years. Tatiana married sooner departed Basil Sambursky, they had only two children. Descendants of Vasily Fedorovich Lipsky can be traced to the twentieth century in Prague, Belgrade and New York. They were artists, engineers, participated in organizing the Tolstoy fund at NY.

Fyodor Kuzmich' family lived in the village Romashkovo (lat = 52,1522N, lon = 33,9549E), in which a few landowners lived. Now from this point little is left: there is no manor houses or churches or cemeteries with old graves, none of that nature. Alexander Fedorovich (1824 - 1904), our great-grandfather, was a bright and lively boy, but he found difficulties to study because of the extremely cruel methods of training, the former at the time. He flogged and punished, but students still had fun as they could, sang and drank, danced, made merry with beautiful Ukrainian girls, fell in love. He consistently finished religious school, a seminary in Chernigov, Agricultural Research Institute in Gorky near Mogilev, where was erected in the nobility, he became a professor at Voronezh. After 1884, he was transferred to St. Petersburg, taught at the Lyceum, had got the rank of State Councilor and all outstanding awards.

Alexander Fedorovich Lipski at sixty wrote the excellent notes on the habits of that time and about his life until his marriage. The notes are on the site. In 1854, he married seventeen Anna Aleksandrovna Danilova (1837 - 1890).

Alexander Fedorovich and Anna Aleksandrovna - our common ancestors - ours and French branch of Rochefort - De Chaudeney. They had six children: Valentine, Alexander, Lydia, Fyodor, Vladimir and Anna (her name at home was Galina). All children were born at Voronezh.

Alexander Fedorovich and Anna Aleksandrovna were living at the time of photography, so we have their images and their numerous descendants.

The eldest daughter - Valentine (1856-1878) passed away early, remaining daughter Vera and son Valentin. There are their childhood and youth photography, but continued their course of life was lost.

Alexander Alexandrovich (1857-1915) became known physician in St. Petersburg. He had eight children, all of them remained in the USSR. Their fate was not easy - famine, war, death of close relatives. The WWII caught some of them in Leningrad, in the winter of 1942 they had to escape from the Germans and hunger on the ice of Lake Ladoga. They were close friends of our parents - cousins, often came to visit. Grandson Alexander Alexandrovich - Roman (our cousin), test pilot, emigrated to the United States at the end of life.His daughter - Tatiana and grandchildren are living now in Atlanta.

Lydia Alexandrovna (1864-1932) married a doctor Josef Zilberberg. After 1917, they emigrated to France, they had not the children.

Fyodor Alexandrovich (1866 -?) became vice-chairman of the Siberian Trade Bank. He married Nina Sergeyevna Lyapidevskaya (1867 -?) - twin sister of our grandmother. They had five daughters and one son. After the revolution of 1917 the family emigrated to France, then some of them moved to the United States.

The youngest son, our grandfather, Vladimir Alexandrovich (1868-1911) entered the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts at St. Petersburg, and graduated with two silver medals - as an architect and as an artist-watercolorist. During his student years, he was invited as a tutor of painting to Sophia Lyapidevskaya, our grandmother. She and her sister Nina lived at St. Petersburg with his uncle - Metropolitan Sergey of Moscow and Kolomna, who was one of the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church and a member of the Holy Synod. Vladimir and Sofia could marry only after Vladimir' graduation from Academy of Arts. Vladimir Alexandrovich and Sophia Sergeevna had five children: Nicholas (1897-1956) - your father, Sergei (1898-1918), Helen (1900-1930) and two twin - Xenia (1911-2003) and Nina (1911-1978) my mom.

The youngest daughter of Alexander Fedorovich and Anna Alexandrovna was Anna (1877-1960), which as a child was called Galina in a family. Anna and Vladimir, as well as their families were very close to life. Anna married Count Konstantin de Rochefort (1875-1961), architect, friend and companion of Vladimir. The first child of Anna and Konstantin de Rochefort's did not live a year, then born Nikolai (1902-1964), Alexander (1904-1954) and Konstantine (1908-1983) - father of Clair-Noel de Chaudeney and grandfather of Sophie. After the revolution, the de Rochefort' family emigrated to France.

Vladimir Alexandrovich' activities were successful. He was a famous architect, one of the founders of Russian Art Nouveau, had built over a hundred houses, some of which have survived to our day. His works are included in the handbooks and encyclopedias. To implement his projects in tandem with the companion Shestov he built large brick factory near St. Petersburg in Tosno, which produced more than one million bricks per year. Bricks with his trademark can still be found in St. Petersburg.

For participation in the competition for the construction of the memorial temple of the Savior on Blood at the scene of the murder of Emperor Alexander II Vladimir Alexandrovich received the estate "Kouzovny" on the bank of the river Luga. Both four - SS and VA Lipsky's and Anne and Konstantine de Rochefort's had been invited to the famous Imperial costume ball at the Winter Palace in costumes of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich days, held on 11 and 13 February 1903. Photos of the family is on the site. The family lived on the first floor near the Nevsky Prospect in St. Petersburg in the joined twin apartments (it is described in the notes to my mommy). Our grandfather died of "heart failure" in 41 years, he has not fulfilled the majority of his plans. Nikolai Vladimirovich as the eldest son was his study, hung with pictures of his father. For Nina and Xenia a governess - frenchwoman Jeanne was invited, with whom Nicholas affair began. No data are available about her family. Nicholas enjoyed photography, and Jeanne was his constant and patient model: in those days exposure was 20 - 30 seconds.

In 1917, Nicholas and Jeanne left Russia, the second son of VA and SS - Sergei went to the Volunteer Army to fight against Reds, where he died in 1918. Elia (Helen) after 1923 married Nicholas Konstantinovich Lubarsky, general's son, who served in the KGB. In 1925 they had a son Andrew. At eighteen Andrew was called to the Red Army and was killed soon after in 1944, near Pskov. In 1930, Elia died of cancer. Her husband married to Maya - daughter of Alexander Alexandrovich Lipsky, gave birth to two children. Nicholas Konstantinovich Lubarsky was executed by shooting in 1938, as an enemy of the people.

Traces of Nikolai Vladimirovich and Jeanne after their departure for Europe are lost. It was known that they had a daughter - Renee just outside London in the sanatorium in 1920. Then Nikolai Vladimirovich without Jeanne was found at New York, where he managed to introduce his inventions "De Lipsky Transformations" on the stage. He organized his own company. From publications, I have received from the United States from friends, I have known that Nicholai had worked for some time in the company of famous ballerina Anna Pavlova. In 1923, he met his daughter, Renee, who arrived by boat without a mother. The fate of Jeanne unknown. During this period, Nicholai had written several letters to Sophia Sergyeevna to invite her to him to California. It did not work, because Sophia Sergyeevna refused to leave USSR without children.

Neither the second nor the third marriage he had not reported.